1) Stakeholders, broadly speaking, include all those individuals and corporate entities whose lives and livelihood stand to be affected—whether for better or for worse—by a new government program or by changes in an existing program. What groups can you identify as important stakeholders in the formulation of health policy, and what roles do they typically perform in the dynamic process of developing and refining that policy?
(2) How do their efforts interact with those of other stakeholders?
(3) Illustrate by providing specific and detailed examples of how one or two specific stakeholder groups helped to shape the current form of some particular U.S. health or healthcare program (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid, or the Affordable Care Act). Hint: think in terms of both CONFLICT and STRATEGIC ALLIANCE between stakeholders.