Soc 205 week 2 quiz 1

SOC 205 WEEK 2 QUIZ 1

Question 1 

The U.S. Courts of Appeals do not have jurisdiction in

 

appeals from the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

cases appealed from the U.S. district courts.

 

civil cases.

 

cases that have not first been argued in some other forum.

Question 2 

Which of the following types of cases would generally not be brought to federal court?

 

illegal importation of narcotics

 

patent claims

 

murder

 

violations of the U.S. postal laws.

Question 3 

In order for the U.S. trial courts to have jurisdiction in a case, what must happen?

 

federal question must be raised

 

indictment must be obtained

 

declaratory judgment must be rendered

 

political question must be involved

Question 4 

Provided that there is a substantial federal question, appeals from the highest court in a state may be heard in the U.S. ______.

 

Supreme Court

 

Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

 

courts of appeals

 

district courts

Question 5 

The rule of four refers to the requirement that

 

at least four courts of appeals must join in a request for certification from the U.S. Supreme Court before it will exercise appellate jurisdiction.

 

all state court systems include at least four levels of courts.

 

a writ of certiorari from the U.S. Supreme Court must be supported by at least four justices.

 

only four cases of any one type may be heard by the US Supreme Court in one session.

Question 6 

For all intents and purposes, what determine the types of issues and cases the federal and state courts will hear?

 

presidents and governors

 

court clerks

 

administrative offices of the courts

 

Congress and the state legislatures

Question 7 

What addresses the relationship that individuals and institutions have with the state as a sovereign entity.

 

equity

 

private law

 

civil law

 

public law

Question 8 

Which of the following functions of law best describes the reason for the creation of police departments, district attorneys’ offices, and jails?

 

resolving disputes

 

providing order and predictability in society

 

protecting individuals and property

 

providing for the general welfare

Question 9 

Administrative law and constitutional law are categories of ____ law.

 

public

 

criminal

 

private

 

statutory

Question 10 

In 1835, who observed that “there is hardly a political question in the United States which does not sooner or later turn into a judicial one.”

 

Thomas Jefferson

 

John Marshall

 

James Madison

 

Alexis de Tocqueville

Question 11 

What is the type of law enacted by a legislative body?

 

statutory

 

common

 

administrative

 

constitutional

Question 12 

Article 3 of the Constitution states that “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the ___ may from time to time ordain and establish.

 

president

 

states

 

supreme Court

 

congress

Question 13 

When presenting a case before the Supreme Court. approximately how long does each side have?

 

ten minutes

 

thirty minutes

 

one hour

 

as much time as necessary

Question 14 

What kind of courts are federal courts?

 

constitutional

 

legislative

 

specialized jurisdiction

 

appellate

Question 15 

What happens when the chief justice votes with the minority?

 

the most junior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.

 

he or she assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion to a justice who voted with the majority.

 

he or she writes a concurring opinion.

 

the most senior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.

Question 16 

The Ninth Circuit includes which two states?

 

Texas and Louisiana.

 

Illinois and Indiana.

 

Michigan and Ohio.

 

California and Arizona.

Question 17 

What happens when the Supreme Court justices meet in conference?

 

only their law clerks are allowed to be in the room with them.

 

they discuss cases that were argued earlier in the week.

 

the senior associate justice keeps an official record of the discussions.

 

the most junior justice presides and offers an opinion first in each case.

Question 18 

The Supreme Court alternates between hearing cases and writing decisions approximately every two weeks. These two periods of the court cycle are called _____ and ______.

 

hearings/deliberations

 

periods/intermissions

 

sets/breaks

 

sittings/recesses

Question 19 

Each year, the formal session of the Supreme Court begins on the ____ and lasts until the business of the term is completed.

 

20th of January

 

first Monday in October

 

Tuesday after the first Monday of November

 

Wednesday after Labor Day

Question 20 

A quorum for a decision on a case in the Supreme Court is ____ members.

 

four

 

five

 

six

 

seven

Question 21 

The total number of appellate filings in state courts each year is around ____ cases.

 

75,000

 

290,000

 

1,000,000

 

22,000,000

Question 22 

District, circuit, and superior are all names for what type of court?

 

trial courts of limited jurisdiction

 

trial courts of general jurisdiction

 

intermediate appellate courts

 

courts of last resort

Question 23 

The greatest number of cases entering the state court systems falls into which of the following case categories?

 

traffic

 

criminal

 

civil

 

domestic relations

Question 24 

The handling of criminal cases in state trial courts involves judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. These members of the trial court organization are commonly referred to as the

 

en banc

 

legal trio.

 

quorum

 

courtroom work group.

Question 25 

Which type of court consists of 85 percent of all courts in the United States?

 

Trial courts of limited jurisdiction

 

Trial courts of general jurisdiction

 

Intermediate appellate courts

 

Courts of last resort

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